URBAN DEVELOPMENT

Telangana has a total urban population of 1,36,08,665 persons according to Census 2011 which accounts for 38.67 % of the state's population. In Telangana state, the number of persons above the age of 6 in urban area in 2011 was 4.3 crores compared to over 3.7 crores in 2001. This is indicative of an increase in migration to urban areas by young couple essentially in search of employment in urban areas. In rural area there was a decrease in no. of persons below the age 6, it was 12.1 crore a decline from 12.6 crore recorded in 2001, however, it was nearly 3 times higher than in urban areas. There was an increase in female births in urban areas compared to rural areas in Telangana. Urbanization also led to increase in literacy as total literacy among persons above the age 7 was estimated as 84.1% in urban areas with higher level of literacy among males (88.8) than compared to women (79.1%) in 2011 in the state.

EFFECTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON URBAN DEVELOPMENT IN TELANGANA

Issues-

• Drainage of cities not adequate to accommodate the precipitations during incidents of heavy rains

• Demand on water resources due to the growth in the urban population and therefore increased pressure on the water supply infrastructure

• Generation of large quantity of sewage

• Generation of huge quantum of solid waste

• Increased private transportation leading to huge pressure on the road infrastructure and increased emissions in urban areas

Interventions-

• Safe water supply as per norms to the entire urban population

• 100% coverage of sewerage and sanitation for the urban population

• Study and remodel existing water supply, sanitation and sewerage systems to reduce climate change vulnerability

• Protection and restoration of existing water bodies in urban areas, creation of new water bodies

• Scientific management of municipal solid waste in all municipalities and corporations

• Restoring efficiency of drainage network of all municipalities to enable quick evacuation of water and to avoid flooding

• Mandatory rainwater harvesting in Government buildings, larger homes and apartment blocks, commercial establishments, offices, schools/colleges, academic/research establishments and industrial units

• Incentives for rooftop solar power generation and provision of grid connectivity

• Rail based MRTS in emerging cities and expansion of existing MRTS

• Provision of safe footpaths, cycle tracks etc to promote non-motorised transport

• Recovery of phosphates nitrates etc. from wastewater

TSAPCC- http://www.moef.gov.in/sites/default/files/Telangana.pdf

 

 

REFERENCES:

 

1) TSAPCC- http://www.moef.gov.in/sites/default/files/Telangana.pdf

2)Sate of Environment Report-2015- http://www.eptri.com/state-of-environment-report-telangana-2015/