FORESTRY & BIODIVERSITY
The Geographical area of Telangana State is 112077 km2 and the notified forest area of the State is 26903.70 km2, which is 24% of geographical area. According to Champion and Seth's classification, the Forests of the Telangana State fall under Dry Teak Forest, Southern Dry Mixed Deciduous Forest, Dry Deciduous Scrub, Dry Savannah Forest, Hardwickia Forest, Dry Bamboo Brakes, and Southern Thorn Forest. 18294.52 Km2 (68%) is reserved, 7802.07 Km2 (29%) is Protected and Un-classed forests occupies 807.11 Km2 (3%) of the forest area. The erstwhile Districts- Adilabad has the highest notified forest area of 7101.30 Km2 and the Ranga Reddy has the lowest of 758.87 Km2, in the State.
Protected Areas-About 21.77% (5856.04 Km2) of total notified forest area is included in protected area network. 12 Protected Areas, consisting of 9 Wildlife Sanctuaries & 3 National Parks are in the State. Amrabad Tiger Reserve and the Kawal Tiger Reserve are notified as two Tiger reserves in the state.
As there is an increase in population, deforestation is being done to meet the human needs. This leads to rise in natural calamities such as floods, landslides and soil erosion.
Telangana State Forest Report-2015 http://forests.telangana.gov.in/pages/SFR2015.aspx
Telangana State is known for its rich heritage in biological diversity distributed in 9 agro climatic regions. Among the flora, the state harbours a total of 2,800 taxa belonging to 1,051 genera under 185 families. This accounts for 16% of the Angiosperms known from India. Of these, 2,071 species belonging to 150 families and 796 genera are Dicotyledons and 729 species belonging to 255 genera and 35 families are Monocotyledons. Among the fauna, Telangana State is rich with 108 species of mammals that include Tiger, Leopard, Sloth Bear, Giant Squirrel, Hyena, Fox, Wild Dog, Wild Boar, Indian Bison(Gaur), Spotted Deer, Barking Deer, Black Buck, Four-horned Antelope, Blue Bull, Sambar, Mouse Deer, Honey Badger, Civets,Jungle Cats, Otter, Pangolin, Bats, Tree Shrew, Common Langur,etc
Source:Telangana State Biodeiversity Board http://www.tsbiodiversity.org/biodiversityprofile.html
EFFECTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON FOREST SECTOR
• Deforestation, degradation of forests and excess of soil erosion in degraded forests
• Disturbance in the timing of flowering and appearance of pollinators and excessive use of pesticides/insecticides, loss of forests, air pollution etc have also decreased the appearance of pollinators.
• Soil and Water Conservation in forest lands
• Afforestation and eco development through community based programmes (like Joint Forest Management)
• Creation of forests in degraded/public lands, including such lands in and around cities and towns
• Documentation of biodiversity, including genetic fingerprinting Preservation of rare/threatened germplasm.
INITIATIVES BY TELANGANA STATE GOVERNMENT
TELANGANA KU HARITHA HARAM
Telanganaku Haritha Haram (TKHH), a flagship programme of the Telangana State Government envisages to increase the tree cover of the State from present 24% to 33% of the total geographical area of the State. This is objective is sought to be achieved by a multi-pronged approach of rejuvenating degraded forests, ensuring more effective protection of forests against smuggling, encroachment, fire, grazing and intensive soil and moisture conservation measures following the watershed approach. Major fillip is sought to be given to Social Forestry by taking up massive plantation activities outside Forest areas including multi-row road-side avenues, river and canal bank, barren hill, tank bunds and foreshore areas, institutional premises, religious places, housing colonies, community abandoned lands etc. The Greening efforts will be taken up involving all stakeholders. This approach would be duly supported by the needed reforms in policy, law and administrative matters. As a part of this programme, in the coming three years 230 Crore seedlings are proposed to be planned in the State. Out of this, 130 Crores seedlings are proposed to be planted outside the notified forest areas (10 Crore within HMDA limits, and the remaining 120 Crores in rest of the State). It is also proposed to rejuvenate 100 Crore plants inside the notified forests by way of intensive protection of the forests and encouraging the live rootstock.
Benefits of Haritha Haram
• Improving green cover and Bio diversity
• Maintaining ecological balance
• Ensuring sustainable livelihoods
• Ensuring good rain fall
• Reducing Carbon Dioxide emissions by approximately 10 million tones
Planting Achievements so far:
2015-16: 15.861 crores Plants
2016-17: 31.674 crores Plants
2017-18: 34.00 crores Plants (Till 30-07-2017)
Total= 81.535 crores (Till 25-10-2017)
Telangana ku haritha haram- http://harithaharam.telangana.gov.in/Pages/Achivements.aspx
INITIATIVES BY EPTRI
EPTRI is located in Hyderabad, capital city of Telangana. It is spread over around 15 acres of lush green sere environment. It has variety of species, plants & trees.
2) Telangana State Forest Report-2015 http://forests.telangana.gov.in/pages/SFR2015.aspx
3) Socio-economic outlook-2017 by planning department of Telangana- http://ecostat.telangana.gov.in/PDF/PUBLICATIONS/Socio_Economic_Outlook_2017.pdf